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  • All faq
  • Cannabis 101
  • Health
All faq
How can I stop being 'high'?

There is no way to stop being 'high.' If you've smoked or vaped too much cannabis, the uncomfortable feelings will slowly subside after the first hour after smoking. However, edibles can take longer to leave your system.

Depending on how many grams you ate, it could take between three to six hours to peak and up to ten or twelve before it's entirely out of your system. You should start to notice the effects begin to wear off slowly over that time. There are a few ways you can make the time less torturous:

  • Go to sleep
  • Talk to a trusted friend
  • Distract yourself with a movie
  • Take a hot shower
  • Exercise
How does smoking cannabis affect my lungs?

All smoke damages your lungs. However, cannabis is less dangerous than nicotine products. But how people smoke marijuana is different than tobacco or other types of smoke. Cannabis smokers tend to inhale deeper and hold the smoke in more extended, which prolongs the exposure to the lungs.

The safest way to use cannabis is with vaping, eating, sublingually, and topically. However, if you're a lifelong marijuana smoker, you don't need to panic. Studies show that the lung function for cannabis smokers is much better than tobacco smokers over a 2-, 5-, 10-, and 10-year period.

How does marijuana affect my brain?

Cannabis plays a large role in brain functions. The endocannabinoid system (ECS) helps maintain balance with the central nervous system, and cannabinoids interact with the ECS. There is a high concentration of CB1's in the brain. This placement shows how cannabis and phytocannabinoids play a role in anxiety, depression, pain reception, and as a neuroprotectant.

Research is also dispelling several cannabis myths. The popular plant does cause short-term memory loss in younger users. Still, it generally resolves on its own within 24 hours. Additionally, studies show that it may improve cognition for some users, leading to current reviews of cannabis for patients with memory impairment disorders.

Can cannabis cure cancer?

No. While many studies show positive results for animals with cancer, scientists are years away from definitively using cannabis as an effective treatment. The researchers found that some cannabinoids, including THC and CBD, have the potential to reduce, stop, and prevent the growth of cancer cells.

While the experts working on more substantiated results, there is evidence in animals, people, and on paper that cannabis can help people with cancer symptoms and the side effects of treatment. The most common relief patients experience with the potent flowers is pain, nausea, lack of appetite, anxiety, depression, and sleep.

Can cannabis cause paranoia?

Yes! Some people experience paranoia and excessive anxiety. This occurs more often with high doses of THC. But it can happen for people that are new to marijuana as well. Although it's possible to experience paranoia after smoking, it's more common after using edibles, which often have a high concentration of THC.

Medical and recreational users can avoid the paranoid feelings by starting with small amounts and slowly increasing how much they use. If you find that you're experiencing these feelings too much, it's possible that you're in the minority of people that are hypersensitive to THC.

Can cannabis be addictive?

Cannabis isn't physically addictive like opioids and alcohol. But users can develop a psychological dependence on THC that leads to cravings and some withdrawal symptoms when they don't have it. This reaction is common for long-term marijuana use. The most common responses are anxiety, sleep disturbances, decreased appetite, and irritability.

These symptoms subside with most users after a few days. Chronic use can take a few weeks for the cravings and other responses to stop. The reason to use "THC" instead of cannabis is that there are ongoing studies that show CBD may help reduce the cravings for THC.

How smoking cannabis can affect your sleep?

Most users and research show that smoking cannabis has a positive effect on sleep. Many marijuana cultivars offer sleep benefits. The most common terpenes to help with resting include terpineol, terpinolene, and linalool. Another terpene growing in popularity includes phytol, which has shown the potential to help people fall asleep faster.

However, pay attention to the cultivar. Specific blends of cannabinoids and terpenes can have the exact opposite effect. For example, flowers containing high levels of alpha-pinene, limonene, and beta-caryophyllene may boost energy and make it difficult to fall asleep.

How long does marijuana stay in our system?

The amount of time cannabis stays in your system has several variables. The drug tests available for the popular plants only detect THC metabolites or THC-COOH, which is inactive. Active cannabinoids (THC) has a half-life of under 30 minutes and won't show in urine.

THC metabolites are detectable for at least three days to 30 days or longer in daily users. Additionally, there are many misconceptions about how to eliminate metabolites fast. Drinking excess water can increase the levels. The same goes for exercise. The only way to remove all traces is to abstain from using all cannabis products.

Will cannabis consumption affect my other medications?

Yes. All substances, including organic ones, have the potential to interfere with medicines. These are also referred to as drug-to-drug interactions. People taking prescription medications and supplements should review the known information and discuss it with their physicians.

There are no overdose deaths or severe reactions from cannabis and prescriptions or over-the-counter treatments. Still, you may need a dose lowered or increased to account for the cannabinoids. Penn State College of Medicine in Hershey, PA, published a list for consumers to check. The most common include,

  • Warfarin
  • Propofol
  • Phenobarbital
  • Fentanyl
  • Clonidine

Additionally, there are lower-risk medications that still may require some monitoring.

What is hash?

Hash is a type of cannabis concentrate. It's also one of the oldest known concentrates that's been in use as long as people have been using marijuana. Hash is the concentrated blend in the trichomes that contains all 545 known compounds, including a potent mix of cannabinoids and terpenes.

Technology has increased over the past few centuries, creating several ways to make hash. The original method is through a dry sifting, which involves moving the plants to shake out the dried resin and applying pressure to shape it into dense blocks. The process creates an extraordinarily strong concentration of cannabis compounds that produces an intense high.

What's the difference between joints, blunts, and spliffs?

These may sound the same, but there are incredibly essential differences between these three. A joint is just cannabis flowers broken into small pieces and rolled in various types of wraps, such as wired rollers and hemp wraps.  

Blunts are similar to joints, except you use a cigar wrapper instead of paper. It's important to know that you are getting a small amount of tobacco with this option.

Lastly, the spliff if a combination of the joint and blunt. It's a mixture of tobacco and cannabis rolled in hemp wraps or rolling papers.

What's the difference between a male and a female cannabis plant?

In the cultivation world, there's a vast difference between males and females. Cannabis is a dioecious plant that has both male and female reproductive organs. For high-quality flowers, cultivators stick with female plants to produce the most THC and without seeds. Growers using regular seeds need to identify and pull any males before they flower to prevent cross-contamination.

Another development to watch for is hermaphrodites. These are plants with both male and female reproductive organs, and they're as dangerous to the bud's quality as full males. It's possible to avoid this step entirely with feminized seeds or clones.

Is a hybrid plant always an equal mix of sativa and indica?

No. Very few hybrids are a 50/50 mix of sativa and indica. Most cultivars will show the plant's a 60%/40% or an 80/20% split. The standard terms you'll see include indica-dominant, sativa-dominant, or balanced hybrid.

Some popular 50/50 cannabis cultivars include:

  • California Dream
  • White Magic
  • Ganesh
  • Rishi Kush
  • White Widow
  • Opium

Choosing one depends on your preference.

What is the difference between sativa and indica?

There are many differences between these plants. Most deal with the cultivation process. Indicas are shorter with broad leaves and shorter flowering cycles. These are best for growing indoors or in areas with little grow room.

Indicas are tall with narrow leaves that require more extended growth periods. If you live in a warmer climate, these are the perfect outdoor plant.

What are the three main types of cannabis plants?

The three central cannabis plants are sativa, indica, and ruderalis. Ruderalis is a very hardy plant that grows in the most extreme environments. It's also considered the first natural auto-flowering plant.

Ruderalis automatically flowers after a certain number of days, rather than an amount of sunshine like standard cannabis seeds. Additionally, cannabis plants can be a hybrid of other types. The most common hybrid is sativa and indica.

All cannabis plants are descendants of the original landrace cultivars, which are plants that have never been manipulated by breeders. Experts believe there are precisely 100 landraces, and they're found in every corner of the world.

What are cannabis tinctures?

Cannabis tinctures are a sublingual oil that delivers the plant extract quickly for an equally fast response. It's one of the oldest methods for taking plant-based medicines, and it's easy to use. Use the dropper in the bottle and place several drops under your tongue.

The tincture absorbs through the membranes and into the bloodstream. Don't swallow, drink, or eat for about 30 to 60 seconds. Sublingual dosing works in as little as 10 minutes and lasts between four and six hours per serving.

What are the effects of CBD?

CBD is popular because it doesn't produce the same "high" that THC does. The well-researched cannabinoid has many potential benefits. The most common potential uses include

  • Pain relief
  • Anti-inflammatory
  • Anti-seizure
  • Reduce anxiety
  • Sleep aid
  • Anti-tumor effects

In addition to working for humans, CBD use increases for animals, such as cats, dogs, and horses. Pet owners use the non-psychoactive cannabinoid to assist aging animals with joint health, help with sleep, and reduce anxious behaviors. Studies are limited, but the data available is positive that CBD can help animals without excess side effects.

What is CBD?

Possibly the second-most studied cannabinoid is CBD. Additionally, this cannabis compound is legal in more locations around the world, allowing researchers more access. Also known as cannabidiol, it was first isolated in 1940.

The big difference between it and THC is that CBD isn't psychoactive. Although it interacts with the endocannabinoid system like THC, it does so differently, causing a different response. It also has the same molecular formula as THC, C21H30O2. The chemical blueprint for CBD allows both cannabinoids to have identical mass.

What are the effects of THC?

As mentioned, THC produces a "high" or psychoactive reaction. The popular compound also has much medicinal value. Thousands of research reports show the potential for THC to help people with pain, sleep, PTSD, nausea, appetite, headaches, and dozens of other conditions.

THC also has several side effects, most of which are mild. The most common include,

  • Dry, red eyes
  • Dry mouth
  • Increased appetite
  • Reduced motor skills
  • Drowsiness
  • Short-term memory loss

High potency cultivars with THC levels over 15% (or lower if you're not a regular user) can cause more severe issues, such as paranoia and extreme anxiety.

What is THC?

Also known as tetrahydrocannabinol, THC is one of the most studied phytocannabinoids found in nature. Modern researchers have been studying cannabis since the early 1930s. THC was located first in 1942.  Most of the "high" that marijuana produces come from THC.

In 1964, it was isolated by Dr. Raphael Mechoulam, the father of modern cannabis research. The cannabinoid's structural formula is C21H30O2, twenty-one carbon atoms, thirty hydrogens, and two oxygen. THC attaches to the CB1 receptor and stimulates it to produce a psychotropic response.

What are cannabinoids?

Cannabinoids are naturally occurring chemical compounds found in hemp and cannabis plants. These are also referred to as phytocannabinoids. Cannabinoids interact with the body of all mammals through the endocannabinoid system.

Also known as the ECS, it's a complex cell-signaling system that helps maintain balance among the other systems in the body. Cannabinoids are believed to mimic the actions of endocannabinoids, which are endogenous cannabinoids. The body makes endocannabinoids.

Cannabinoids have different properties that provide various responses. Not all phytocannabinoids interact with the ECS in the same way. This may explain why THC and CBD have the same chemical structure, but both don't produce a high.

What cannabinoids are found in cannabis, and what do they do?

Cannabinoids, also known as phytocannabinoids, are located in the plant's trichomes like terpenes. Of the 545 known compounds in cannabis, scientists have isolated almost 150.

The two most researched are THC and CBD. But the list is growing to include:

  • CBG
  • CBC
  • CBN
  • Delta 8 THC
  • Delta 9 THC
  • THCV
  • CBV
  • CBDV
  • CBND
  • CBL

Additionally, studies have identified THCP and CBDP.

Cannabinoids interact with the endocannabinoid system to provide a wide range of benefits. While each phytocannabinoid has unique characteristics, they share many of the same, such as:

  • Pain relief
  • Anti-inflammation
  • Sleep aid
  • Reduce anxiety/stress
  • Appetite stimulation
  • Relieve nausea
  • Anti-tumor
What are cannabis terpenes?

The intoxicating aroma from cannabis flowers comes from the mixture of terpenes found in the plant's trichomes. These are the tiny glandular hairs that have a crystal-like appearance and gooey feel that coats the plant. The technical term is terpenoids before harvesting cannabis. But most people use the terms interchangeably.

Terpenoids have one job: To protect the plant from danger. In nature, cannabis's natural predators are insects, animals, and invasive weeds. Research has identified over 200 unique terpenes in different cannabis cultivars (a more accurate term for "strains."). Terpenes aren't limited to marijuana. There are at least 20,000 terpenes found in nature.